The probationary period for the apprentices is 4 months, and 3 months for dual studies students (practical phase).
The probationary period is the initial phase of an employment contract which is subject to particular regulations under labour law. The German Vocational Training Act (BBiG) lays down a mandatory probationary period for training programmes that form part of dual studies courses. Its duration must be noted in the training agreement.
What is different about the probationary period?
The probationary period is different because the company and apprentice/student can terminate the training at any time. There is no notice period, which means that termination has immediate effect. No reasons must be given for termination. Notice of termination must be given in writing.
Why is there a probationary period?
In general, the company and apprentice/student have the same aim: for the training to be completed successfully. In the probationary period, both sides can review once again whether this objective will be achieved together. Apprentices and students find out whether the occupation meets their requirements and how well they will be able to master the profession they have chosen. Employers note whether the apprentice/student integrates into the workforce and meets the basic requirements of the Job.